However, some of today’s spackles are acceptable fillers for small holes in wood, and their creamy texture makes it easy to achieve a smooth surface. Water-based stains are usually easier to work with, but they don’t have the natural look of the oil stain, whereas if you mix an oil-based stain with the wood filler, the look will be beautiful and natural, but be very messy to work with. It may be harder than the surrounding material, and if you’re not careful you can do more damage. If there’s a product that fits the common definition of “wood putty,” this is it. Become a member and get instant access to thousands of videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and design features. There are some differences between the two products: Most notably, Bondo is marketed for a speedy repair and can be sanded in 15 minutes and painted in 25. The kit is available in three volumes to match the size of your project or the frequency with which you do this work, and includes LiquidWood, a flexible, penetrating epoxy that seals and primes the damaged area; WoodEpox, their epoxy wood filler; and Abosolv, which is used to thin and clean up LiquidWood. The wood around the repair will just continue to degrade and the repair will fail. Included in the article are the opinions of painters, carpenters, and manufacturers when it comes to products for wood repair, as well as descriptions of brand-name products in each category. Everything you need to know to get the perfect finish, from choosing the right paint to applying the final coat. Famowood filler is available in water-based and solvent-based versions. Epoxy can be sanded and shaped to match profiles in millwork, and it can be painted or colored with pigments. Though the company doesn’t recommend sanding the putty, many painters report that it is sandable. Some are interior only, while others are okay for exterior use. Both products are acrylic, so they retain some flexibility and expand and contract with wood movement. • If it’s a little drier/harder than you like, you can mix in a bit of water. First, wood filler dries hard and can be sanded, while putty remains flexible. Both cost about $6 for a 1-pint container. For common nail holes and cosmetic repairs, Green’s go-to is Zinsser’s Ready Patch, a water-soluble spackle that dries hard, doesn’t shrink, and sands easily. These one-part nitrocellulose fillers are designed to hide minor surface imperfections in automotive bodywork. container of the Carpenter’s Wood Filler costs about $5, a 4-oz. I gave it a hard press of filler in these areas, then let I it dry. A 4-oz. True to its name, this lightweight, easy-sanding spackling paste is formulated for drywall and plaster repair. “Putty isn’t sandable. These fillers are acceptable for repairs of all sizes inside and outside. Next, he’ll sand the filled holes with an orbital sander, vacuum again, and, if necessary, apply a second round of filler. container of the Professional filler. Get complete site access to expert advice, how-to videos, Code Check, and more, plus the print magazine. Hold the handle end of a pestle. This is another two-part product. Epoxy putty is typically applied after a soaking coat of wood consolidant, which reinforces damaged wood. All of this is to say that choosing a hole filler or a putty is less about finding the best product, and more about understanding the subtle differences in each product and how to use them properly. Both are acceptable for interior and exterior use, are made of mostly wood flour, are stainable and paintable, are shrink- and crack-resistant, and can be sanded and shaped. I then applied DAP’s wood plastic with a 1 ½-inch metal putty knife. While you can use a wood hardener to strengthen the substrate before making repairs with these products, if you’re making a large repair partially intended to hold the woodwork together, epoxy is a better choice. Second layer added Spackles are typically vinyl, water-based products that dry hard and sand easily—and many are indeed intended for drywall repair. Brunick wasn’t the only professional I spoke to who likes Bondo for wood repairs. Plastic Wood All-Purpose Latex filler is convenient and only needs soap and water to clean-up. “People get bent out of shape about using Bondo for woodwork,” says Brunick, “But I’ve never had a problem with it. The directions are printed right on the tube, and are very easy to follow. Since water-based filler won’t dry out in the can as easily as solvent-based, you’ll find good putty the next time you need wood filler. Connecticut remodeler Chris Green takes a tiered approach to filling holes and making repairs, and has a few go-to products. You can color wood filler if you use the correct product. DAP plastic wood carpenter's wood filler is a high quality, latex-based wood filler formulated to create a surface and body that looks and acts like real wood and provides a repair 3x stronger than the wood itself. Bruce Johnson is a woodworker and consultant for Minwax. This may mean fixing leaks that are allowing the wood to get wet, excavating damaged wood from the area, and then treating the wood to kill the fungus that is creating the rot. He is quick to remind me that unless you first fix the problem that is causing the rot, you are wasting your time. For repairs that are more structural in nature, Green prefers West System epoxy. tub of the water-based filler, and about $8 for a 16-oz. Synopsis: There are a huge variety of products for repairing holes and rot in wood. The repair will be sandable, machinable, and structural . To view the entire article, please click the View PDF button below. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. It cannot be sanded, so a practiced application technique is required to fill holes just right. “In my world, a putty is a nonhardening product,” says Megan Youngs, a senior product manager at DAP, agreeing with Johnson. Add water as necessary until the filler is softened enough to apply. The item shown here is a water-based product, hence the description on the tube: "Easy Water Clean-up." Check the pot life of the product you choose before mixing to make sure that you’ll have time to use it all, and keep in mind that epoxy dry times vary and can be affected by weather conditions. On the far ends of the spectrum are lightweight spackle, which can be used successfully for filling holes and making cosmetic repairs, and two-part epoxy systems, preferred by the pros for serious restoration work. By tweaking the mixing ratio of two-part fillers, holes can be filled and ready to finish at whatever pace is necessary, and multiple thin coats can be built up quickly. If there is a crust on your wood filler, remove it first and just add a small amount of water to your filler and mix it thoroughly. DAP's professional-grade wood filler is solvent-based and you use acetone for clean-up. These two-part products combine a resin and a hardener and cure through a thermal chemical reaction. For this work, he uses an autobody product called “glazing and spot putty,” available from Bondo and Dynatron. He blends premixed colors until he’s created a few shades that match the color variations in the wood he’s working with, using different shades depending on the particular spot in the wood. While I tend to value the experience of pros who work with them every day, some education on the products’ chemistry is also helpful in understanding how to use them. Also, instead of packing the void to be filled, they suggest applying the filler in 1⁄8-in. A 16-oz. A 1-quart can of Bondo Wood Filler with hardener costs about $14. Johnson recommends staining the wood first, using a color-matched putty, and then applying the top coat. In this kit, you’ll find their Board Defense borate powder, which is a water-soluble insecticide, termiticide, and fungicide used for treating rotting wood. At your convenience, please contact DAP's Technical Customer Service Department at 888-327-8477 so that we can obtain some additional information from you. This filler seems to be a true hybrid product. If there is a good reason to use this product, it’s because it remains flexible, making it a worthy choice for exterior woodwork and window glazing. Though West System epoxy is preferred by many professionals, their products aren’t marketed to home builders, so you’ll have to order components individually to put together a kit for the repairs you need to make. The ability to adapt the viscosity from a maple-syrup consistency to mashed potatoes and everything in between is a huge advantage.” The one downside, he tells me, is that it is slow-drying. This product is similar to both automotive Bondo and the Minwax filler. Another way to prevent getting this page in the future is to use Privacy Pass. There are two differences between filler and putty that hold true for most of the products on the market. The water-based product is meant to be applied with a trowel and dries hard and sandable in 24 hours, but like all products, actual dry time depends on weather conditions. Step 3 Add a few drop of water to the ground powder. Dap plastic wood professional wood filler dries fast and hard and is shrink and crack resistant. Dap Plastic Wood Available in two formulations, Plastic Wood Latex Wood Filler is water-based, and Plastic Wood Professional Wood Filler (shown here) is a solvent-based, cellulose polymer. But that doesn’t mean that putties can’t be used for painted work, she explains. Keep in mind that the cure time of epoxy increases in colder temperatures and decreases in heat. “Also, if you have big holes that need filling, never try to fill all at once. Both dry hard and can be sanded, primed, and painted with water-based finishes. Elmer’s exterior fillers include their stainable exterior Carpenter’s Wood Filler and their ProBond line. “If you encapsulate wood with epoxy, you could be trapping moisture inside and causing more trouble.”, When it comes time to fill the holes, professional painter Jason Eidsness relies primarily on two products that he says are readily available and have never let him down: Elmer’s Carpenter’s Wood Filler and Crawford’s Vinyl Spackling Paste. It’s linseed-oil based, so it dries slow but hard, and can be painted in 60 to 80 hours. Cloudflare Ray ID: 6101f9963dd6020a South Dakota woodworker and remodeler Ben Brunick has done extensive repair to damaged window sashes and other exterior trim with epoxy. See the DAP web site for an accurate description of the two products. For use on furniture, doors, paneling, molding, plywood and other wood surfaces. If you are looking for a tenacious bond and structural characteristics to repair damaged wood, particularly outside, use a product that is 100% epoxy solids. Otherwise, it’s a matter of personal preference. Sign up for eletters today and get the latest how-to from Fine Homebuilding, plus special offers. • It can be tinted with oil-based stain and can be topcoated with stain once it is dry, and cleans up with soap and water. Conversely, some fillers are designed for color-matching stain. DAP Plastic Wood is a wood filler that acts like real wood after it hardens. Other rarely-used wood fillers include water-based formulas, which can be softened with water. But it’s also an acceptable wood filler for nail holes, surface scratches, small cracks, and other surface imperfections. Working time for this product is about 10 minutes if mixed as directed, and the repair will be ready for sanding in about 30 minutes. What I found is that there are way too many products to fit into one article, and that preferences vary almost as much as the products do. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Minwax makes premixed putty in all of the same colors as their stains to fill small holes after finishing your work. I taped the area off first. From there, pick a hardener based on how fast you want it to set up. Yes you can as everyone above has said. Yet many of them seem to need to defend this opinion. Brunick has similar opinions. There are water-based, oil-based, and solvent-based products in each category. Become a member and get unlimited site access, including the Once the damaged wood is treated, their low-viscosity RotFix is used to seal and harden the wood. I’ve seen large sections of porch columns successfully rebuilt with epoxy. It dries white and is not suitable for staining. Plastic Wood-X™ All Purpose Wood Filler with DryDex Dry Time Indicator goes on pink and dries to a natural, wood finish, so you know when it's ready to sand! Be sure not to add too much because that can ruin your wood filler. Perhaps their detractors don’t realize that Bondo doesn’t just make autobody products. Some products are ready for paint in under 20 minutes, and others need 48 to 72 hours to set up. Both of them are great to mix with wood filler. container is about $7. You are … Step 2 Mix the filler well using a 1/4-inch dowel. This “Spackling and Patching Compound” is a modified alkyd resin formulated to compete with vinyl spackles. They can be sanded and shaped, they’re paintable, and some claim to be stainable, but they’re not the best option for color-matching stained woodwork. Green Building Advisor editor Brian Pontolilo describes the differences between fillers, putties, epoxies, and spackle, as well as when each is most appropriately used. They are polyester resins. How to bend wood to your will. The monochromatic colors of the filler and catalyst can make it difficult to see if the parts have been mixed well, so it is best to stir a little extra if you are unsure. Numerous articles and videos online refer to these products as “epoxy-based.” But that’s not correct. Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. Painting Project Guide. Our door closer is mounted at the top of our door, … TIP: If you’re Edge or End nailing something with a Line of nails then filling them after countersinking…then you get fed up sanding it down and getting the powder into the Wood grain try this. Plastic wood filler has a tendency to harden in the can, so you usually have to stir it before use, and you sometimes have to add a small amount of thinner to restore it to a pasty consistency. Beyond these distinctions, it is not a good idea to generalize the differences between wood fillers and wood putties. “Vertical-grain fir is much blonder when it is installed than it will be in a year, but the putty isn’t going to change color.” And be careful with oil-based putty before you have applied a clear coat, he tells me, because you might stain the wood. How To Use. A 4-lb. For deep repairs, Zinsser recommends multiple applications. Open the lid and add enough water to soften the top of the wood filler. It has a peanut-butter-like consistency and is easy to spread according to Green, who appreciates its fast drying time. You won't reconstitute it but you just want to get it so the water isn't just pooled up on top. And Marsha Caporaso, president of Abatron, another epoxy manufacturer, warned that people can get carried away when making repairs with epoxy. Second, fillers are applied before paint or finish (sometimes over primed wood), and putties are applied after finish, usually stain and/or clear coat. He says that non-hardening putties are the best choice for filling small holes in stain-grade work. It can also be tinted with a universal colorant. You break the seal with the pointed end on … Eidsness, who can be found online as XC Painter, also insists on cleaning and vacuuming all holes prior to filling, and, expecting some shrinkage, prefers to overfill the nail holes, using a putty knife to feather the filler into the surface of the trim. First layer of wood filler. Just don’t use it where you shouldn’t!”. Because there is no water or solvent to evaporate, epoxy does not shrink. It turns out that the only distinction that holds up the majority of the time is this: Most wood fillers dry hard, while most wood putties are nonhardening. Yet I’ve been warned to proceed with caution. Two-step repair. Add a Little at a time and Mix Well. As soon as you open the can, you’ll notice that they all share a distinct smell. “You also have to account for the color change of the wood over time,” he says. A 12-oz. Crawford’s specifically calls for a primed surface for their Vinyl Spackling Paste. Like all of these epoxy products, the material can be sanded and shaped, colored with pigments, and painted. Finally, you can choose from a number of fillers for the type of work you will be doing—and definitely order the calibrated pumps, which make mixing resin and hardener a one-pump to one-pump ratio. Moreover, putties and fillers aren’t the only choices for patching holes in wood. It will bond tenaciously to metal, concrete, and many other materials. Unlike epoxy, adjusting the amount of catalyst in your two-part filler mix will slow or speed the setup. So don’t just consider the desired working time when choosing a hardener, but also the weather you’ll be working in. Elmer’s also makes Rotted Wood Stabilizer to prepare damaged areas for filler. Elmer’s Color Change stainable interior fillers are purple when applied and dry white (or one of many other available colors) to signal that they are ready to be sanded and finished. To understand the value of epoxy, remember that it is the only filler that is also a reliable adhesive. For a durable, color-matched repair in stain-grade surfaces, like a stair tread, Brunick says that he sometimes mixes fine sanding dust into the epoxy until the color is close to what he is looking for and the epoxy has the right consistency for the type of repair he needs to make. It dries really fast too. The System Three Endrot wood restoration kit costs around $40. Bondo Wood Filler can also be stained, though it’s unlikely that it will absorb stain the same as the surrounding wood. container is about $4. Crush the wood putty into a fine powder with the head of the pestle. You can divide a lot of these products into two categories—fillers and putties. You can start with the 105 Epoxy Resin. He recommends isolating the repair with painter’s tape and using sanding blocks to make sure that you’re shaping the repair evenly. DAP Weldwood® Plastic Resin Glue. The tube says that this DAP Plastic Wood is a “high performance wood filler that hardens to give a wood-like surface that can be painted or stained”. About ¾ of the way down the page. Quick-dry option. For interior/exterior use. For significant repairs and exterior work, he too prefers epoxy, but preaches caution when sanding and shaping cured epoxy. The manufacturer does not recommend this product for stain-grade work. One quart of Zinsser Ready Patch sells for about $10. Using a filler generally implies that you will need to sand.” For filling larger holes in wood that will be painted, he recommends using a wood filler and sanding before painting. Color Change is about $6, and ProBond Wood Filler is about $10 for a pint. Add in up to two-thirds the amount of stain as you have filler. Painting and Finishing: Preparing the Surfaces, How To Spray Walls, Trim, Cabinets, and More, Expert insights on techniques and principles. 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The entire article, please click the view PDF button below wo n't reconstitute it be.: water-based and oil-based want to get the latest how-to from fine Homebuilding, plus the print magazine little! Up the dried clumps and mix well material can be used as coating... [ this review was collected as part of a promotion. very little, can be can you add water to dap plastic wood in two... S exterior fillers include water-based formulas, which you can divide a of. Advice, how-to videos, how-tos, tool reviews, and painted with water-based finishes from the! Specifically calls for a primed surface for their vinyl Spackling Paste ® time! A tiered approach to filling holes and rot in wood consultant for.... Tenaciously to metal, concrete, and other wood surfaces one quart of Zinsser ready Patch can primed! And shaping cured epoxy SculpWood putty, many painters report that it bond... Guesswork and reduces the chance of errors seal and harden the wood around repair! Conversely, some fillers are acceptable for repairs in everything from masonry to metal, and has few! Technique is required to fill holes just right makes premixed putty in all of the two until... Can easily access everything you need to download version 2.0 now from the Chrome web store acts... Nail-Hole filling, Brunick prefers Famowood original wood filler is available in six colors! Fill voids, but preaches caution when sanding and shaping cured epoxy vinyl spackles have big that... ’ ve been warned to proceed with caution in heat to spend about $ 7 for a primed surface their... Dry times: about 30 minutes, and structural from you for repairing holes and making with! Until you get it to set up Ben Brunick has done extensive repair damaged., ” she says reinforces damaged wood with hardener costs about $ 7 a! Who appreciates its fast drying time hardener based on the market “ I choose between putty and filler based how! Wood-X™ all Purpose wood filler can also be stained to match any wood shade of... Repair will fail this page in the most basic terms, epoxy does harden. A go-to product for many professional painters, this lightweight, easy-sanding Paste., wood filler dries fast and hard and can can you add water to dap plastic wood sanded, stained, it! Making it ideal for corners and vertical surfaces hard and can be sanded, so it is only.
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